Climate change is increasing evapotranspiration in the European Alps and causing a decline in surface water supply in the region. Understanding future changes in surface runoff is essential for managing the water supply for over 170 million people.
Researchers have identified a surprising source of the majority of California’s concentrated methane emissions: landfills. Oil and gas producers and dairy operations are the state’s other two major sources of this powerful greenhouse gas. Identifying the facilities that emit the most methane can help California take action.
Even the most seasoned field biologists can struggle to differentiate between scat of closely related species. A new study shows that trained detection dogs can distinguish scat of the target species from that of close relatives, even when both species have the same diet.
As the U.S. water supply system infrastructure approaches the end of its life, drinking water supplies are increasingly at risk from contamination, supply interruptions, and shortages. In the face of population growth and climate change, it is vital to start considering how to approach a system-wide overhaul.
When there is a bust in the wildlife trade, those animals must be returned home. But in a changing climate, where should that be? A new study examines the impact of rising temperatures in Brazil on habitat suitability for trafficked birds to inform future wildlife management strategies
Despite an international agreement to control hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a new study found that emissions of this extremely potent greenhouse gas are higher now than at any point in history.Failure to control these emissions could derail global efforts to fight climate change.
What are the requirements of “decent living”, and how much energy do we need to meet them? New research shows that decent living standards can be achieved in a warming world. Going beyond the minimum standards, however, may require a change of lifestyles.
Climate change will fundamentally reshape our economy, leaving almost no industry untouched. New research suggests that climate change may impact the stability of the banking sector, potentially leading to financial crises and increased public debt.
Research shows a positive link between nature and mental health. A new study expands on this concept by using smartphones to prompt participants to record their interactions with nature and reveals implications for optimizing city planning for urban greenspace.
There is a big chance that the hamburger you ate for lunch – and even the soy-based alternative – is linked to deforestation in the tropics. A recent study tracked carbon emissions in exported food to provide valuable insights on the link between tropical deforestation and the climate impacts of the food we eat.
As sustainable dyeing processes gain traction globally, researchers document the traditional process of indigo pigment extraction and dyeing practiced by a community in Yunnan, China. Traditional dyeing practices can inform sustainable fashion.
Species diversity of underwater plants is frequently used as a proxy for water quality. But what can the structural layout of underwater plants tell us about the aquatic system? Scientists investigate the connection between complex underwater plant growth and thriving aquatic organism communities, which has implications for biologists, waterfront landowners, and decision makers.
We often hear about “endangered species” but few people are aware of how a species ends up on an endangered list and even fewer understand the impacts of this designation. A group of scientists finally asked the question of how an endangered listing, particularly on the IUCN Red List, changes the prospects for species at risk – with some encouraging results.
Access to clean water remains a struggle for a large portion of the global population. Illnesses from contaminated water have been shown to harm people’s livelihoods. New research shows that in districts with poorer quality water sources, higher rates of diarrhea are associated with lower rates of school enrollment.
Plastic consumption in high-income countries is on the rise despite increasing awareness of the plastic pollution problem. Recent research has revealed that consumers are driven to use more plastic because they don’t see the waste in their local environment. Instead, it is exported to low-income countries, conveniently taken out of sight and out of mind of the people most responsible.
Large-scale, uncontrollable wildfires are expected to break out more frequently and burn with a greater intensity due to climate change. Preventing and responding to these extreme events is an unavoidable challenge that will require using natural solutions, technology, and policy.
As the urgency to develop climate change solutions continues to grow, coastal carbon offset projects present a promising new pathway for climate action. An Indian mangrove restoration project achieved both significant carbon storage and social benefits, demonstrating the potential synergy between environmental protection and economic prosperity.
How can we use the ocean to combat climate change? New research suggests that underwater forests, in the form of macroalgae, present a promising, new, and understudied opportunity to mitigate climate change.
The United States has a reputation for successful land conservation. But who are we protecting this land for? Dr. Beth Rose Middleton is researching a new way of working with the land’s first stewards, Native American tribes, to protect not only natural resources but also cultures and traditional ways of knowing.
Bananas are an important and nutritionally diverse component in diets around the world. Over the past 50 years, steady increases in global temperatures have been favorable for banana production. However, as the global temperature approaches the upper temperature ranges for banana trees, production may start to level off or decline. This study has important implications for future management of banana supplies.
Ridesharing companies like Uber and Lyft may enable people to forego car ownership, but are they good for the environment? A recent study suggests ridesharing, which has been commonly viewed as an innovative urban mobility solution, is perpetuating rather than solving cities’ carbon emissions problems.
California’s San Joaquin Valley is one of the United States’ most productive agricultural regions. It’s also home to one of the highest concentrations of threatened and endangered species in the country. What will the state’s new groundwater regulations that require retiring large swaths of agricultural land mean for biodiversity in the region?
The United Nations has set a Sustainable Development Goal to end world hunger by 2030. Increasing crop yields is necessary to achieve this goal. However, intensive irrigation practices can also increase the uptake of ozone by plants, damaging sensitive leaf tissues. Lack of ozone pollution mitigation efforts may prevent future progress towards global food security.
The Endangered Species Act – which has long been known as the strongest environmental law in United States history – has been undermined by recent rule changes under the Trump administration. Weaker protections for species in peril heighten the probability that species will go extinct, placing biodiversity and related ecosystem services further at risk.