The largest Arctic research expedition ever has recently returned from a year drifting in an ice floe. Dr. Janin Schaffer, an oceanographer and Team Lead on the MOSAiC(Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate)expedition, explains the significance of this research for understanding global climate change uncertainties.
Often economic valuations and ecological models operate in silos when it comes tomanagement of ecosystem services. A study in Hawaii uses Systems Thinking to create a model combining the two, thereby creating a dynamic pricing mechanism for the conservation of a watershed.
In Andean countries, cities and farms are facing a variety of challenges in the water sector due to climate change: growing demand, shrinking supplies, and irregular flooding. Now, water managers are looking to harness natural ecosystems in tandem with Indigenous water management systems to mitigate these stressors.
Snakes are vital players in maintaining ecosystem balance, but with more humans encroaching their habitat, encounters can be fatal. A recent study estimates that 1.2 million deaths took place in India since 2000.
High Nature Value farmlands are not only rich in biodiversity, but they also provide valuable ecosystem services to society. A recent study illustrates different scenarios for their future and shows a hopeful path forward to avert the threat of agricultural intensification or abandonment through social and economic transformations.
A flurry of excitement around the power of agricultural practices to capture carbon in soils and curb global climate change is generating investment across the public and private sectors. Recent studies reveal the uncertainties and limitations of these practices’ long-term carbon storage potential, while highlighting their other benefits for the environment and food system. Soil scientists call on decision makers to reframe their approaches to soil management to better capture holistic benefits.
Many bird species need human structures like old barns and houses to build their nests. Their populations are declining as villages modernize, but this modernization improves rural quality of life and energy efficiency. Avoiding the unnecessary choice between rural development and wildlife conservation will require innovative approaches.
New research suggests that rising temperatures cause more premature births, especially among Black mothers. To address the impacts of rising heat, policy makers must address the inequalities that put certain groups at higher risk of heat exposure.
Agricultural research tends to ignore the experiences of young Black farmers. Shedding ample light on their narratives can help reform policies and programs to encourage diversity and elevate Black Americans’ contributions to agricultural innovation.
Tropical dry forests are among the most threatened biomes in the world, but are often overlooked while creating conservation plans and protected areas. Conserving these forests can protect thousands of species that are only found in these regions and support the livelihoods of millions of people.
To meet the targets of the Paris Climate agreement, over two-thirds of its signatories will employ land use management and conservation strategies. Yet new research suggests that many tropical nations have the potential to store and preserve far more carbon in natural ecosystems than will be needed to meet their current pledges.
Many coffee-growing regions of the world may become unsuitable as temperatures rise. Cocoa is a viable alternative, but only if farmers improve the resilience of agroforestry systems that support its production.
Fighting extreme poverty will need to happen in tandem with protecting the environment. Research shows that while achieving social goals might be, to a limited extent, at odds with achieving environmental goals, the actions of the rich will have the greatest impact.
Justin Farrell, associate professor of sociology at the Yale School of the Environment, spent 5 years studying the increasing wealth, economic disparity, and environmental change in Teton County, Wyoming. In his book Billionaire Wilderness, released March 2020, Farrell shows how the ultra-wealthy use the natural environment to their advantage in this elite corner of his home state.
Despite the growing partisan divide over solar power adoption in the United States Congress, public adoption of solar power is occurring across the political spectrum. In addition, solar households are active voters. These findings are encouraging for policymakers who are promoting renewable energy.
Land conservation relies heavily on data to determine where protection should occur. But sharing data is not a common practice among land conservation groups. A new study investigates the reasons why some groups choose to share data with others and how this could change our perception of where land conservation occurs in the United States.
Climate change is increasing evapotranspiration in the European Alps and causing a decline in surface water supply in the region. Understanding future changes in surface runoff is essential for managing the water supply for over 170 million people.
Researchers have identified a surprising source of the majority of California’s concentrated methane emissions: landfills. Oil and gas producers and dairy operations are the state’s other two major sources of this powerful greenhouse gas. Identifying the facilities that emit the most methane can help California take action.
Even the most seasoned field biologists can struggle to differentiate between scat of closely related species. A new study shows that trained detection dogs can distinguish scat of the target species from that of close relatives, even when both species have the same diet.
As the U.S. water supply system infrastructure approaches the end of its life, drinking water supplies are increasingly at risk from contamination, supply interruptions, and shortages. In the face of population growth and climate change, it is vital to start considering how to approach a system-wide overhaul.
When there is a bust in the wildlife trade, those animals must be returned home. But in a changing climate, where should that be? A new study examines the impact of rising temperatures in Brazil on habitat suitability for trafficked birds to inform future wildlife management strategies
Despite an international agreement to control hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), a new study found that emissions of this extremely potent greenhouse gas are higher now than at any point in history.Failure to control these emissions could derail global efforts to fight climate change.
What are the requirements of “decent living”, and how much energy do we need to meet them? New research shows that decent living standards can be achieved in a warming world. Going beyond the minimum standards, however, may require a change of lifestyles.
Climate change will fundamentally reshape our economy, leaving almost no industry untouched. New research suggests that climate change may impact the stability of the banking sector, potentially leading to financial crises and increased public debt.
Research shows a positive link between nature and mental health. A new study expands on this concept by using smartphones to prompt participants to record their interactions with nature and reveals implications for optimizing city planning for urban greenspace.