Countries and companies have set ambitious renewable energy targets, with demand for critical minerals in the energy sector projected to increase six-fold by 2040. To avoid over-dependency on a handful of supplier countries and to achieve ambitious climate targets, there is a need for individual countries to revisit their mining policies and for global organizations to create binding international agreements to manage critical minerals.
While many toys still offer benefits after normal wear and tear, 80 percent end up in landfills. Often controversial for the direct risks posed to humans, toys also pose a risk to the environment in their design, production, and life cycle.
Distributed energy resources (DERs) are important pathways in the clean energy transition. However, valuing these pathways is challenging. New research examines what value these technologies bring to the grid and how utilities should structure payments for them in the distributed energy system of tomorrow.
Affectionately dubbed the “panda of the sea” for its distinctive eye markings, the vaquita is the world’s most critically endangered marine mammal. Saving the vaquita requires an integrated approach that looks beyond the immediate cause of the species’ near extinction —fishing net entanglement — to address the social, political, and economic challenges faced by coastal communitiesofthe Upper Gulf of California.
Solar geoengineering– a technology that reflects incoming sunlight back into space –has gainedattention as a potentialsolution for preventingglobal temperature rise and reducingthe risk of the worst global warming impacts. Recent research shows thatsolar geoengineering has the capacity to immediately cool the atmosphere, but also calls attention to the fact that it can beextremely controversial and excessively risky.
The safer people feel, the less careful they tend to be. Some policymakers worry that this relationship also holds true in the realm of global warming, and that preparing for the damages caused by climate change could undermine efforts to reducegreenhouse gas emissions. Recent research provides evidence that this is not the case–rather, combining theseadaptation and mitigation strategies canhelp minimize the negative impact of climate change on environment, health, and economy.
Taking part in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is an important way for a business to win customer trust and loyalty. However, researchers find that adopting a globally standardized approach to CSR in building and maintaining customer connections, is a lost cause.
The electric transmission system is the backbone of the electrical grid. Expanding the transmission system is a critical componentof reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 and an 80% clean electricity sector by 2030, but this expansion will require significant reforms to currently uncoordinated grid planning processes.